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Mysterious Brain Disorders We Just Can't Understand... [transcript]


The human brain is an extraordinary organ. Functioning at optimal levels, it is our best friend, performing tasks from regulating our breathing and heart rate, to coordinating our movements, allowing us to interpret touch, and develop reasoning. There are approximately 86 billion neurons in the brain, which fire information electrochemically, via connections called synapses, at speeds of up to 250 mph.

But illness, disease and damage to this sophisticated instrument that we rely upon, can produce some extraordinary and hugely distressing results in how we perceive reality, and how we behave. Here we look at 5, thankfully rare, but truly strange psychological delusions.

Episode narrated by Top5s
Music by CO.AG

________

Support the show (https://www.patreon.com/Top5sOffical)


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 2022-01-03  11m
 
 
00:06  Speaker 1
The
00:06
human
00:06
brain
00:07
is
00:07
an
00:07
extraordinary
00:08
organ
00:09
functioning
00:09
at
00:09
optimal
00:10
levels.
00:10
It's
00:10
our
00:10
best
00:11
friend
00:11
performing
00:12
tasks
00:12
from
00:12
regulating
00:13
our
00:13
breathing
00:13
and
00:13
heart
00:14
brain
00:14
to
00:14
coordinating
00:14
our
00:15
movements,
00:15
allowing
00:16
us
00:16
to
00:16
interpret,
00:16
touch,
00:16
and
00:17
develop
00:17
reasoning.
00:18
There
00:18
are
00:18
approximately
00:19
86,
00:20
a
00:21
nuance
00:21
in
00:21
the
00:21
brain,
00:21
which
00:22
fire
00:22
information
00:22
electrochemically
00:24
by
00:24
a
00:24
connections
00:24
called
00:25
synapses
00:25
.
00:26
That
00:26
speeds
00:27
of
00:27
up
00:27
to
00:27
250
00:28
miles
00:28
per
00:28
hour
00:28
with
00:29
a
00:29
sophisticated
00:29
instrument
00:30
that
00:30
we
00:30
rely
00:31
upon
00:31
can
00:31
produce
00:32
some
00:32
extraordinary
00:33
and
00:33
hugely
00:33
distressing
00:34
results
00:34
in
00:34
how
00:34
we
00:35
perceive
00:35
reality
00:36
and
00:36
how
00:36
we
00:36
behave
00:37
in
00:37
this
00:37
video.
00:37
We'll
00:38
be
00:38
taking
00:38
a
00:38
look
00:38
at
00:38
five,
00:39
thankfully
00:39
rare,
00:40
but
00:40
truly
00:41
psychological
00:41
delusions.
00:49
There
00:49
are
00:49
certain
00:49
psychological
00:50
conditions
00:51
where
00:51
the
00:51
sufferer
00:51
believes
00:52
that
00:52
they're
00:52
turning
00:52
into
00:53
or
00:53
have
00:53
become
00:54
an
00:54
animal
00:55
is
00:56
one
00:56
such
00:56
disorder
00:58
here.
00:58
The
00:58
individual
00:59
believes
00:59
that
00:59
they
01:00
are
01:00
either
01:00
a
01:00
cow
01:00
or
01:01
an
01:01
a
01:01
,
01:01
which
01:02
can
01:02
result
01:02
in
01:02
the
01:02
behaving
01:03
as
01:03
such.
01:04
They
01:04
will
01:04
take
01:05
to
01:05
eating
01:05
grass
01:06
and
01:06
will
01:06
even
01:06
move
01:07
about
01:07
on
01:07
their
01:07
hands
01:07
and
01:07
knees
01:09
as
01:09
ludicrous
01:09
as
01:09
it
01:10
sounds.
01:10
And
01:10
as
01:10
scarce
01:11
as
01:11
instances
01:11
of
01:12
bio
01:12
PR
01:12
,
01:13
they
01:13
still
01:13
occur
01:14
today.
01:14
According
01:15
to
01:15
Matthew
01:15
Stanford,
01:16
a
01:16
professor
01:17
of
01:17
psychiatry
01:18
at
01:18
Baylor
01:18
college
01:18
of
01:19
medicine,
01:20
the
01:20
condition
01:20
is
01:21
so
01:21
unusual
01:22
that
01:22
there
01:22
appears
01:23
to
01:23
be
01:23
no
01:23
sign
01:23
of
01:23
any
01:24
clinical
01:24
studies
01:24
into
01:25
it,
01:26
nor
01:26
is
01:26
the
01:26
firm
01:26
notion
01:27
on
01:27
what
01:27
causes
01:28
the
01:28
delusion.
01:29
A
01:30
variety
01:30
of
01:30
suggestions
01:31
have
01:31
been
01:31
put
01:31
forth.
01:31
Whereas
01:32
some
01:32
clinicians
01:33
link
01:33
it
01:33
to
01:33
schizophrenia.
01:35
Others
01:35
suggest
01:36
it
01:36
may
01:36
occur
01:36
as
01:36
a
01:37
result
01:37
of
01:37
hypnosis
01:38
or
01:38
a
01:39
manifestation
01:39
of
01:39
anxiety.
01:41
The
01:41
eminent
01:41
psychoanalysis,
01:43
Carl
01:43
Jung
01:43
,
01:43
even
01:44
positive
01:44
that
01:44
dreams
01:45
could
01:45
be
01:45
prelude
01:46
to
01:46
the
01:46
onset
01:47
of
01:47
philanthropy.
01:49
Interestingly,
01:50
the
01:50
depiction
01:50
of
01:50
the
01:50
madness
01:51
of
01:52
Nene
01:52
are
01:52
thei
01:52
king
01:53
of
01:53
ancient
01:53
Babylon
01:54
as
01:54
relayed
01:55
in
01:55
the
01:55
old
01:55
Testament
01:55
book
01:56
of
01:56
Daniel
01:57
is
01:57
often
01:57
cited
01:57
as
01:58
one
01:58
of
01:58
the
01:58
first
01:59
and
01:59
most
01:59
infamous
01:59
cases
02:00
of
02:00
philanthropy
02:01
here.
02:02
The
02:02
king
02:02
is
02:02
laid
02:03
low
02:03
by
02:03
insanity
02:04
for
02:04
seven
02:04
years.
02:05
And
02:05
the
02:05
text
02:06
describes
02:06
how
02:06
the
02:06
king
02:07
was
02:07
driven
02:07
from
02:07
men
02:08
and
02:08
did
02:08
eat
02:08
grass
02:09
as
02:09
Oxy.
02:10
However,
02:10
as
02:11
no
02:11
other
02:11
text
02:12
infers
02:13
that
02:13
the
02:13
king
02:13
ever
02:13
displayed
02:14
such
02:14
behavior,
02:15
this
02:15
account
02:15
must
02:15
be
02:16
viewed
02:16
with
02:16
skepticism
02:17
though.
02:18
It
02:18
is
02:18
intriguing
02:19
to
02:19
think
02:19
of
02:19
the
02:19
Bible
02:19
as
02:20
potentially
02:20
referencing
02:21
this
02:21
singularly
02:21
strange
02:22
mental
02:22
disorder
02:23
though.
02:23
The
02:24
root
02:24
cause
02:24
of
02:24
this
02:24
condition
02:25
is
02:25
still
02:25
elusive.
02:26
The
02:26
current
02:26
treatment
02:27
focuses
02:27
on
02:27
cognitive
02:28
behavioral
02:28
therapy
02:29
and
02:29
medication
02:37
Summa
02:37
to
02:38
Paraphenia
02:40
Summa
02:40
to
02:40
Paraphenia
02:40
is
02:41
referred
02:41
to
02:41
as
02:41
a
02:42
neurophysiological
02:43
delusion.
02:44
As
02:44
the
02:44
condition
02:45
has
02:45
most
02:45
often
02:45
been
02:45
observed
02:46
in
02:46
people
02:46
who've
02:47
either
02:47
suffered
02:47
strokes
02:48
or
02:49
right
02:49
hemisphere
02:49
brain
02:50
lesions,
02:51
but
02:51
it's
02:51
such
02:51
an
02:52
extraordinary
02:52
affliction
02:52
.
02:53
We
02:53
wanted
02:53
to
02:53
include
02:54
it.
02:55
Individuals
02:56
with
02:56
this
02:56
condition
02:57
do
02:57
not
02:57
believe
02:58
that
02:58
either
02:58
an
02:58
entire
02:59
limb
02:59
or
02:59
one
03:00
side
03:00
of
03:00
their
03:00
body
03:00
belongs
03:01
to
03:01
them
03:01
or
03:02
is
03:02
even
03:02
attached
03:02
to
03:02
their
03:02
own
03:02
body.
03:04
Even
03:04
when
03:04
presenter
03:05
with
03:05
irrefutable
03:05
proof
03:06
of
03:06
the
03:06
limb
03:06
or
03:07
area
03:07
is
03:07
indeed
03:08
theirs.
03:08
The
03:08
patient
03:09
will
03:10
pro
03:10
explanations,
03:11
which
03:11
they
03:11
wholeheartedly
03:12
believe
03:12
as
03:13
to
03:13
whom
03:13
the
03:13
limb
03:13
really
03:13
belongs
03:14
to.
03:14
And
03:14
why
03:14
it's
03:15
there
03:16
one
03:17
study
03:17
documented
03:18
how
03:18
he
03:18
,
03:18
78
03:19
year
03:19
old
03:19
lady
03:20
who
03:20
had
03:20
suffered
03:20
from
03:20
a
03:21
stroke,
03:21
which
03:21
resulted
03:22
in
03:22
left
03:22
side
03:22
paralysis
03:24
came
03:24
to
03:24
believe
03:24
that
03:25
her
03:25
left
03:25
arm
03:25
belonged
03:26
to
03:26
her
03:26
granddaughter
03:28
when
03:28
prompted
03:28
to
03:29
touch
03:29
the
03:29
limb.
03:29
She
03:29
searched
03:30
the
03:30
space
03:30
around
03:30
it
03:31
and
03:31
required
03:31
help
03:32
to
03:32
identify
03:32
where
03:32
it
03:32
was
03:34
though.
03:34
Doctors
03:34
tried
03:35
to
03:35
reason
03:35
with
03:35
her
03:36
and
03:36
asked
03:36
her
03:36
to
03:37
regard
03:37
her
03:37
left
03:37
hand.
03:38
Her
03:39
was
03:39
still
03:39
one
03:39
of
03:39
doubt.
03:40
And
03:41
at
03:41
times,
03:41
appeals
03:42
to
03:42
logic
03:42
simply
03:43
strengthened
03:43
her
03:43
belief
03:44
that
03:44
the
03:44
limb
03:44
was
03:44
alien
03:45
to
03:45
her.
03:47
This
03:47
delusion
03:47
did
03:48
not
03:48
subside
03:48
until
03:49
some
03:49
months
03:49
after
03:49
her
03:50
discharge
03:50
from
03:50
hospital.
03:53
The
03:53
use
03:53
of
03:53
third
03:54
person
03:54
perspective
03:54
given
03:55
through
03:55
mirror
03:56
therapy
03:56
has
03:56
proved
03:56
successful
03:57
in
03:57
this
03:57
strange
03:58
and
03:58
troubling
03:58
condition.
04:00
Nonetheless,
04:00
this
04:01
approach
04:01
requires
04:02
persistence
04:03
and
04:03
once
04:03
no
04:03
longer
04:03
in
04:04
front
04:04
of
04:04
their
04:04
own,
04:04
in
04:05
reflection
04:05
,
04:05
the
04:05
delusion
04:06
can
04:06
return
04:13
Delusional.
04:14
Parasitosis
04:17
the
04:17
thought
04:17
of
04:17
being
04:18
infested
04:18
with
04:18
tiny
04:19
parasitic
04:20
organism
04:21
or
04:21
insects
04:21
is
04:21
highly
04:22
unappealing,
04:23
but
04:23
for
04:23
those
04:23
that
04:23
suffer
04:24
from
04:24
delusional
04:25
posis
04:26
or
04:27
EC
04:27
bomb
04:27
syndrome,
04:28
as
04:28
it's
04:28
also
04:28
known
04:30
while
04:30
this
04:30
is
04:30
the
04:30
very
04:31
thing
04:31
they
04:31
believe
04:31
to
04:31
be
04:32
true.
04:33
First
04:34
ascribed
04:34
in
04:34
1938,
04:35
by
04:35
the
04:36
Swedish
04:36
neurologist,
04:37
Carl
04:37
Axel
04:38
EC
04:38
bomb
04:38
,
04:39
who
04:39
found
04:39
the
04:39
condition
04:40
to
04:40
be
04:40
pre
04:41
Revent
04:41
in
04:41
postmenopausal
04:42
women.
04:43
This
04:44
affliction
04:44
can
04:44
appear
04:44
as
04:45
a
04:45
delusion,
04:45
as
04:45
a
04:46
hallucination
04:47
or
04:47
as
04:48
what
04:48
is
04:48
termed
04:48
as
04:48
overvalued
04:49
idea.
04:51
That
04:51
is
04:51
the
04:51
,
04:51
say
04:52
the
04:52
patient
04:52
is
04:53
neither
04:53
delusional
04:53
obsessive
04:54
or
04:54
hallucinating,
04:55
but
04:55
is
04:55
suffering
04:56
from
04:56
a
04:56
solitary
04:57
deviant
04:57
belief,
04:58
which
04:59
dominates
04:59
their
04:59
life.
05:01
Often
05:01
the
05:01
condition
05:02
begins
05:02
with
05:02
the
05:03
individual
05:03
experiencing
05:04
a
05:04
prickling
05:04
or
05:04
crawling
05:05
sensation.
05:06
Once
05:07
convinced
05:07
that
05:07
they're
05:07
invested
05:08
with
05:08
insects
05:09
or
05:09
pathogens,
05:10
they
05:10
often
05:11
attempt
05:11
to
05:11
remove
05:11
the
05:12
organism
05:12
by
05:12
overzealous
05:13
cleaning,
05:13
scratching,
05:14
pinching,
05:15
or
05:15
even
05:15
digging
05:15
into
05:16
their
05:16
skin.
05:17
Subject
05:17
suffering
05:18
from
05:18
ECAL
05:19
syndrome
05:19
often
05:19
seek
05:20
help
05:20
from
05:20
dermatologists.
05:22
And
05:22
the
05:22
extent
05:22
of
05:22
their
05:23
beliefs
05:23
sometimes
05:23
leads
05:24
them
05:24
to
05:24
preserve
05:25
what
05:25
they
05:26
believe
05:26
to
05:26
be
05:26
a
05:26
sample
05:27
of
05:27
the
05:27
offending
05:27
parasites
05:28
with
05:28
them,
05:29
claiming
05:29
that
05:29
they've
05:30
retrieved
05:30
them
05:30
from
05:30
their
05:30
person.
05:32
This
05:32
evidence
05:32
usually
05:33
consists
05:33
of
05:34
lint
05:34
or
05:34
pieces
05:34
of
05:34
skin,
05:36
even
05:36
after
05:36
tests
05:37
conclude
05:37
that
05:38
they
05:38
have
05:38
no
05:38
parasitic
05:39
infection.
05:39
The
05:40
patients
05:40
refuse
05:40
to
05:41
believe
05:41
it
05:43
to
05:43
further
05:43
complicate
05:44
matters.
05:44
The
05:44
symptoms
05:45
of
05:45
the
05:45
condition
05:45
may
05:46
be
05:46
real,
05:46
but
05:47
the
05:47
cause
05:47
has
05:47
simply
05:47
been
05:48
misinterpreted.
05:51
The
05:51
sensation
05:52
they
05:52
feel
05:52
may
05:53
be
05:53
due
05:53
to
05:53
a
05:53
variety
05:53
of
05:54
health
05:54
complaints,
05:54
such
05:55
as
05:55
vitamin
05:55
B
05:55
deficiency
05:56
or
05:56
diabetes
05:57
brain
05:58
disorders
05:58
like
05:58
dementia
05:59
show
05:59
or
05:59
schizophrenia,
06:00
or
06:00
it
06:00
may
06:01
be
06:01
the
06:01
side
06:01
effect
06:02
of
06:02
certain
06:02
medications
06:03
or
06:03
drug
06:03
abuse.
06:04
However,
06:05
it
06:05
may
06:05
also
06:06
occur
06:06
unexpectedly
06:07
in
06:07
otherwise
06:08
healthy
06:08
individuals
06:09
with
06:09
women,
06:09
more
06:10
commonly
06:10
affected
06:10
than
06:11
men.
06:12
It
06:12
has
06:12
also
06:12
been
06:12
noted
06:13
that
06:13
those
06:13
who
06:14
live
06:14
with
06:14
minimal
06:14
social
06:15
contact
06:16
are
06:16
high
06:16
risk
06:16
of
06:17
developing
06:18
EBOM
06:18
syndrome
06:19
left
06:20
and
06:20
treated.
06:20
The
06:21
individual
06:21
may
06:21
inflict
06:22
severe
06:22
harm
06:22
on
06:22
themselves
06:23
in
06:23
an
06:23
attempt
06:23
to
06:24
displace
06:24
their
06:24
imagined
06:25
contamination.
06:27
Presently,
06:28
the
06:28
options
06:28
for
06:29
relieving
06:29
this
06:29
delusion
06:30
is
06:30
limited
06:30
to
06:30
psychotherapy,
06:32
which
06:32
alone
06:33
has
06:33
low
06:33
efficacy
06:34
and
06:34
the
06:34
use
06:35
of
06:35
antipsychotic
06:36
drugs.
06:37
Hopefully
06:37
in
06:37
the
06:37
future,
06:38
a
06:38
more
06:38
successful
06:39
remedy
06:39
will
06:39
be
06:39
found
06:40
for
06:40
this
06:40
horrifying
06:41
albeit
06:42
rare
06:42
syndrome
06:49
Cap
06:49
,
06:50
grass
06:50
delusion
06:51
in
06:51
what
06:51
could
06:52
easily
06:52
be
06:52
the
06:52
premise
06:52
of
06:53
an
06:53
intriguing
06:53
here
06:53
,
06:53
terrifying
06:54
film
06:54
or
06:54
book
06:55
cap
06:55
,
06:55
grass
06:55
,
06:55
delusion
06:56
categorized
06:57
as
06:57
a
06:58
misidentification
06:59
syndrome
07:00
leaves
07:00
the
07:00
subject
07:01
believing
07:01
that
07:01
a
07:02
loved
07:02
one
07:02
friend
07:03
or
07:03
even
07:03
a
07:04
parent
07:04
has
07:04
been
07:05
replaced
07:05
with
07:05
an
07:05
imposter.
07:07
Again,
07:08
this
07:08
syndrome
07:08
occurs
07:09
frequently
07:09
alongside
07:10
disorders,
07:10
such
07:10
as
07:10
schizophrenia,
07:11
dementia,
07:12
and
07:12
brain
07:12
lesions,
07:13
as
07:13
well
07:13
as
07:13
those
07:14
who
07:14
have
07:14
brain
07:14
damage
07:15
or
07:15
substance
07:15
abuse
07:16
issues.
07:17
The
07:17
delusion
07:18
may
07:18
also
07:18
result
07:19
in
07:19
the
07:19
individual
07:19
claiming
07:20
that
07:20
they
07:20
themselves,
07:21
places,
07:22
possessions
07:23
and
07:23
properties
07:24
have
07:25
been
07:25
substituted
07:25
with
07:26
identical
07:26
replicas.
07:28
Individuals
07:29
may
07:29
even
07:29
assert
07:29
that
07:30
time
07:30
has
07:30
been
07:30
distorted
07:31
or
07:31
substituted
07:32
in
07:32
some
07:32
way
07:33
like
07:34
EC
07:34
om
07:34
syndrome.
07:36
Capgras
07:36
delusion
07:36
occurs
07:36
more
07:37
often
07:37
in
07:37
women
07:38
though.
07:38
It
07:38
is
07:39
more
07:39
commonly
07:39
seen
07:39
to
07:40
manifest
07:40
itself
07:40
in
07:41
violent
07:41
tendencies.
07:42
In
07:42
men.
07:43
One
07:44
case
07:44
study
07:44
describes
07:45
high
07:45
40
07:45
year
07:45
old
07:45
woman
07:46
whose
07:46
abnormal
07:47
behavior
07:47
had
07:47
led
07:48
to
07:48
receiving
07:48
a
07:48
psychiatric
07:49
evaluation
07:50
proclaimed
07:51
that
07:51
a
07:51
nine
07:52
year
07:52
old
07:52
daughter
07:52
had
07:52
been
07:52
replaced
07:53
by
07:53
an
07:53
imposter
07:54
as
07:55
her
07:55
real
07:55
daughter
07:55
was
07:56
in
07:56
the
07:56
custody
07:56
of
07:56
the
07:56
social
07:57
services
07:57
department,
08:00
Sadly,
08:01
her
08:01
delusion
08:01
persisted,
08:02
and
08:02
seemed
08:02
to
08:02
deepen
08:03
to
08:03
the
08:03
point.
08:03
She
08:04
refused
08:04
to
08:04
take
08:04
her
08:04
child
08:05
home
08:05
from
08:05
school.
08:06
Her
08:07
behavior
08:07
became
08:07
gravely
08:08
concerning
08:09
as
08:09
whilst
08:09
outside
08:10
the
08:10
school.
08:10
She
08:11
shouted,
08:11
give
08:11
me
08:11
my
08:12
daughter.
08:12
I
08:12
know
08:13
what
08:13
you've
08:13
done.
08:14
Despite
08:14
continual
08:15
reassurances
08:16
and
08:16
receiving
08:16
medical
08:17
treatment.
08:18
The
08:18
woman's
08:18
belief
08:18
that
08:19
her
08:19
daughter
08:19
had
08:19
been
08:20
place
08:20
with
08:20
a
08:20
Dopple
08:21
ganger
08:21
did
08:21
not
08:21
subside.
08:23
And
08:23
she
08:23
refused
08:23
to
08:23
entertain
08:24
the
08:24
idea.
08:25
She
08:25
was
08:25
suffering
08:25
from
08:25
any
08:26
delusional
08:26
illness.
08:28
All
08:28
that
08:28
this
08:28
child
08:28
was
08:28
in
08:29
fact,
08:29
genuinely
08:30
her
08:30
daughter
08:31
heartbreakingly
08:32
for
08:33
the
08:33
sake
08:33
of
08:33
her
08:33
safety,
08:34
the
08:34
child
08:34
was
08:34
removed
08:35
from
08:35
the
08:35
mother's
08:35
care
08:36
and
08:36
subsequently
08:37
placed
08:37
in
08:37
the
08:37
care
08:37
of
08:38
social
08:38
services.
08:40
The
08:40
condition
08:41
can
08:41
be
08:41
relatively
08:41
fleeting
08:42
or
08:43
maybe
08:43
a
08:43
long
08:43
term
08:43
chronic
08:44
condition.
08:45
The
08:45
longer
08:45
the
08:46
individual
08:46
suffers
08:46
from
08:47
it
08:47
,
08:47
the
08:47
higher,
08:47
the
08:47
risk
08:48
of
08:48
violence
08:48
towards
08:48
the
08:49
perceived
08:49
imposter
08:50
is
08:50
especially
08:51
if
08:51
they
08:51
live
08:51
with
08:51
a
08:52
patient,
08:54
sadly,
08:54
it's
08:54
still
08:54
a
08:55
largely
08:55
misunderstood
08:56
condition
08:56
with
08:56
little
08:57
treatment
08:57
available
08:58
outside
08:58
the
08:58
use
08:59
of
08:59
antipsychotic
08:59
drug
09:00
therapy,
09:07
Kota
09:07
delusion.
09:09
This
09:09
condition
09:09
was
09:09
first
09:10
discussed
09:10
in
09:10
1880
09:12
by
09:12
the
09:12
French
09:12
neurologist
09:13
Jules's
09:14
Coard
09:14
who
09:15
refer
09:15
to
09:15
it
09:15
as
09:15
the
09:16
delirium
09:16
of
09:16
negation.
09:18
Astonishingly
09:19
QTA
09:19
delusion
09:20
is
09:20
when
09:21
the
09:21
affected
09:21
individual
09:21
believes
09:22
that
09:22
they
09:22
have
09:22
either
09:23
lost
09:23
their
09:23
vital
09:24
organs,
09:24
their
09:24
blood
09:25
supply,
09:26
or
09:26
that
09:26
they
09:26
are
09:26
dead.
09:27
And
09:27
even
09:28
decomposing
09:29
also
09:30
referred
09:30
to
09:30
as
09:30
walking
09:31
Corp
09:31
syndrome.
09:32
QAR
09:32
delusion
09:33
usually
09:33
occurs
09:33
in
09:34
people
09:34
with
09:34
preexisting
09:35
mental
09:35
health
09:35
conditions
09:36
ranging
09:37
from
09:37
bipolar
09:38
disorder
09:38
and
09:38
depression
09:39
to
09:39
neurological
09:40
issues
09:40
such
09:40
as
09:41
multiple
09:41
sclerosis
09:42
and
09:42
Parkinson's
09:43
disease
09:45
though.
09:45
Brain
09:45
trauma
09:46
can
09:46
also
09:46
lead
09:46
to
09:47
this
09:47
allowing
09:47
affection
09:48
and
09:48
conversely,
09:49
it
09:49
may
09:49
appear
09:50
in
09:50
individuals
09:50
with
09:51
no
09:51
health
09:51
conditions
09:51
at
09:51
all.
09:53
The
09:53
severity
09:54
of
09:54
the
09:54
delusion
09:54
varies,
09:55
but,
09:55
and
09:56
early
09:56
symptoms
09:56
include
09:57
the
09:57
patient
09:57
displaying
09:58
a
09:58
sense
09:58
of
09:58
nihilism.
09:59
That
09:59
is
10:00
the
10:00
belief
10:00
that
10:01
life
10:01
is
10:01
utterly
10:01
meaningless,
10:02
as
10:03
well
10:03
as
10:03
anxiety,
10:04
hypochondria,
10:05
feelings
10:05
of
10:06
uselessness
10:06
and
10:07
suicidal
10:07
thoughts.
10:08
The
10:09
sufferer
10:09
tends
10:09
to
10:09
withdraw
10:10
from
10:10
society
10:10
and
10:11
abandon
10:11
their
10:11
personal
10:11
hygiene
10:12
and
10:12
overall
10:12
wellbeing.
10:14
One
10:15
case
10:15
study
10:15
describes
10:16
how
10:16
he
10:16
stressed
10:17
and
10:17
bewildered
10:17
family
10:18
member
10:18
of
10:19
1
10:19
53
10:19
year
10:20
old
10:20
lady
10:20
suffered
10:21
with
10:21
this
10:21
condition
10:22
actually
10:22
found
10:22
9
10:23
1
10:23
1
10:23
because
10:24
the
10:24
woman
10:24
concerned,
10:25
kept
10:25
complaining
10:26
that
10:26
she
10:26
knew
10:26
she
10:26
was
10:27
dead.
10:28
As
10:28
she
10:28
could
10:28
smell
10:28
her
10:29
rotting
10:29
flesh
10:29
and
10:30
expressed
10:30
a
10:30
desire
10:31
to
10:31
be
10:31
taken
10:31
to
10:31
the
10:31
morgue.
10:33
As
10:33
this
10:33
lady
10:33
refused
10:34
to
10:34
be
10:34
treated
10:34
for
10:35
a
10:35
mental
10:35
disorder,
10:36
her
10:36
family,
10:37
port
10:37
of
10:37
the
10:37
act
10:37
of
10:37
taking
10:38
the
10:38
case
10:38
to
10:38
court.
10:39
So
10:39
she
10:39
could
10:40
legally
10:40
be
10:40
treated
10:40
without
10:41
her
10:41
consent.
10:43
She
10:43
was
10:43
prescribed
10:44
a
10:44
combination
10:44
of
10:45
drugs,
10:45
used
10:46
to
10:46
combat
10:46
anxiety,
10:47
bipolar
10:47
disorder
10:48
and
10:48
depression
10:49
mercifully
10:50
her
10:50
symptoms
10:51
abated
10:51
,
10:51
and
10:51
she
10:51
voluntarily
10:52
agreed
10:52
to
10:53
continue
10:53
psychiatric
10:53
treatment.
10:55
This
10:55
success
10:56
reinforces
10:56
the
10:57
benefit
10:57
edge
10:57
of
10:57
early
10:57
diagnosis
10:58
and
10:58
treatment.
10:59
Even
11:00
some
11:00
of
11:00
the
11:00
most
11:00
unusual
11:01
and
11:01
disturbing
11:02
conditions
11:02
have
11:02
a
11:02
chance
11:03
of
11:03
being
11:03
alleviated
11:04
with
11:04
proper
11:04
care
11:05
and
11:05
understanding.
11:07
So
11:08
that's
11:08
five
11:08
bizarre
11:08
psychological
11:09
disorders,
11:11
an
11:11
incredibly
11:11
brief,
11:12
but
11:12
interesting
11:12
insight
11:13
into
11:13
the
11:13
mind.
11:14
It's
11:15
interesting
11:15
though,
11:16
enormously
11:16
sad
11:16
to
11:16
learn
11:17
that
11:17
mental
11:17
and
11:18
illness
11:18
is
11:18
considered
11:19
to
11:19
be
11:19
a
11:19
contributing
11:20
factor
11:20
in
11:20
so
11:21
many
11:21
conditions
11:21
such
11:22
as
11:22
these
11:23
studies
11:24
show
11:24
that
11:24
one
11:24
in
11:25
four
11:25
people
11:25
suffer
11:25
from
11:26
some
11:26
sort
11:26
of
11:26
mental
11:27
health
11:27
issue.
11:29
And
11:29
it's
11:29
important
11:29
for
11:30
us
11:30
all
11:30
to
11:30
strive
11:30
to
11:30
understand
11:31
more
11:31
about
11:31
how
11:32
we,
11:32
and
11:32
those
11:32
around
11:33
us
11:33
may
11:33
be
11:33
affected.
11:34
And
11:35
the
11:35
more
11:35
we
11:35
understand
11:35
about
11:36
the
11:36
brain,
11:36
the
11:36
easier
11:36
this
11:37
will
11:37
be,
11:39
I
11:39
.