Stuff You Missed in History Class

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Lavinia Fontana Zappi

Lavinia Fontana was taught painting by her father, and became one of the earliest examples of a woman with an independent career in art that supported her family. She became very well-known for her portraits and her devotional art. 


  • Bohn, Babette. “Women Artists, Their Patrons, and Their Publics in Early Modern Bologna.” Pennsylvania State University Press. 2021.
  • Villa, Angelica. “National Gallery of Victoria Acquires Lavinia Fontana Painting to Address ‘Gender Imbalance.’” ARTnews. Feb. 8, 2022.
  • National Gallery of Ireland. “Part 1: Introducing the Lavinia Fontana Conservation and Research Project.” Aug. 22, 2019.
  • National Gallery of Ireland. “Conservation treatment of Lavinia Fontana's painting.”
  • Casoni, Felice Antonio. “Medal.” The British Museum.
  • Lupi, Livia. “This Day in History: August 11.” Italian Art Society. August 11, 2016.
  • Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. "Lavinia Fontana". Encyclopedia Britannica, 7 Aug. 2022,
  • Sanchez, Francisco Del Rio. “Where did the Queen of Sheba rule—Arabia or Africa?” National Geographic. June 7, 2021.
  • McIver, Katherine A. “Renaissance Women Painting Themselves.” Art Herstory. June 8, 2019.
  • Murphy, Caroline P. “Lavinia Fontana and ‘Le Dame Della Città’: Understanding Female Artistic Patronage in Late Sixteenth-Century Bologna.” Renaissance Studies, vol. 10, no. 2, 1996, pp. 190–208. JSTOR,
  • “Mannerism.” National Gallery of Art.

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 2022-09-12  34m