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In 1797, Touissant used the conservative victory in the elections of Year V to solidify his own position in Saint-Domingue.
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Toussaint Louverture began to craft an independent foreign policy for Saint-Domingue in 1798.
From 1799-1800 Toussaint Louverture and Andre Rigaud fought a civil war for control of Saint-Domingue.
In 1801 Toussaint Louverture annexed Santo Domingo and promulgated a new constitution without permission from France. First Consul Bonaparte was not amused.
With the massive expedition he assembled, Bonaparte reckoned it would take three months to retake Saint-Domingue.
In the summer of 1802 the worst Yellow Fever epidemic on record hit Saint-Domingue--making it very difficult to re-impose slavery.
The new nation of Haiti was born on New Years Day 1804.
Done at the headquarters of Gonaives, the first day of January 1804, the first year of independence.
After declaring independence, Jean-Jacques Dessalines ordered the extermination of the white French.